意义深远的艺术盛宴


无端

一般来说,从14世纪到16世纪在欧洲发生的文艺复兴运动,人们总是习惯于把重点放在意大利的佛罗伦萨,欣赏“三位文艺大师”的杰作。事实上,每个人都知道文艺复兴时期的面积远远超过意大利,并且有许多艺术人物。《细读文艺复兴》该书解释了在欧洲思想文化运动中长期被公众忽视和误解的内容。这本书最引人注目的特点是,它没有按照“早期文艺复兴”,“文艺复兴时期的鼎盛时期”或“文艺复兴晚期”的线性顺序来解释,而是将文本框架设置为“佛罗伦萨学派”。 “威尼斯学派”和“北方文艺复兴”三个地区平行的客观状态。

“文艺复兴”不应该被简化为“人类的胜利”。它是西方艺术史上的一个重要阶段,不能独立于大背景下存在。在文艺复兴的背后,有一个极其广泛且不断更新的市场化转型,宗教,家庭的继承,以及艺术的进化和进步。此外,必须强调的是,大多数后来成为文艺复兴时期象征的艺术家都出生在工匠家庭。他们的创作不是后代的所谓“艺术冲动”,而是具有强烈功利色彩的劳动行为。工作必须首先满足顾客的审美情趣,满足宗教领袖的宣传目的,并有助于提升他们在行业中的地位;最低劣的,也是为了吸引别人花钱购买。这些是影响其创作的真正激励因素。

当然,在14世纪后期,一些人文主义者在古希腊和罗马的文化遗产中发现了隐藏在中世纪的“自然主义”和“以人为本”的概念,这恰好符合群众的人文需求。渴望摆脱宗教限制。这种契合也符合资产阶级经济实体不断增长的需求。因此,这一后来被命名为“文艺复兴”的运动不时崛起,从上到下传播到社会的各个层面,呈现出独特的时代感。这种意识是“精神的”和“物化的”,它也渗透到西方社会的话语系统中。可以说,在城市工作和生活的人都与文艺复兴一起成长,两者有互补的关系。

意大利佛罗伦萨学派的兴起是由于银行业和贸易业的繁荣。社会环境和经济条件影响了艺术的发展。在美第奇家族垄断了货币和贸易中心之后,它在人文和艺术的强大赞助中找到了一条新的统治道路。像波提切利,米开朗基罗和达芬奇一样,他们都是由洛伦佐梅迪奇赞助的艺术家。威尼斯学校的形成也有其自身的特点。这个地方具有海外贸易的地理优势。这所学校使用了许多东方珍贵的矿物颜料,因此鲜艳的色彩已成为“威尼斯学校”的象征。着名的“威尼斯蓝”是代表。学校的典型人物是Bellini家族,父亲Jacob Bellini,儿子Giovanni Bellini,Jean-Tilley Bellini和女婿Mantegna以及他们的家庭Joel Joa和Titian的画作,他们在室内学习,后来成为顶级画家。北方文艺复兴时期无疑从意大利获得了大量的艺术营养。老彼得布鲁盖尔已经在国外学习了四年。他的绘画风格受到达芬奇和拉斐尔等意大利画家的影响。影响。然而,这个派系的画家,范艾克,汉斯梅姆林,丢勒等,都更加致力于准确地描绘世界,创造出真实生活的作品。

《细读文艺复兴》Efforts to restore artistic development to the local historical scene at the time, and also make strokes switch between paintings, artists, sponsors, political atmosphere, religious conditions, etc. helping readers to perfect the Renaissance in their minds. The framework system and reach a certain depth of perceptual knowledge. When introducing the works of the representative figures of the painting school, the author gave up the limited expression of “painting and painting” and did not conceal his subjective emotions and personal opinions. The author has compared Donatello's《大卫》and Michelangelo《大卫》two sculptures, bluntly: I think Donatello's《大卫》is more exciting, even more unique, more expressive For the sensibility, although there is no ancient Greek heroic figure, but only the image of the fashionable teenager, but revealing the artistic concept of the creator, it is also in line with the political needs of the Medici family to establish its new authority in Florence.《细读文艺复兴》Also attach great importance to the introduction of artists with relatively weak names other than "Arts and the Three Masters". For example, Bloomino, who belongs to the Florentine School of Painting, was born on the ground floor and was the son of a butcher and later became a court painter. The style of painting has a mysterious elegance and a calm and cool voice. The masterpiece《托雷多的艾琳娜母子肖像》accurately conveys the sense of dignity of power that the ruling class seeks to demonstrate.

In general, although the book was born out of the author's lectures in the Central Academy of Fine Arts, as a monograph of art history, the contents of the book are mostly “dry goods”, solid and small, worthy of Western art lovers. read carefully.

(《细读文艺复兴》Writer's Press, February 2018)

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